Joint Term Life Insurance Explained

First of all, what is “Term Life Insurance” ?

Term Life Insurance is where you take out a policy to cover a death of the insured for a set period – the Term. These are typically used by people who may have a mortgage, or other large repayment commitment, and require coverage to make sure that during the period of the commitment the payments are covered in the case of death. Once the Term insurance is finished you do not get any funds in refund for not making a claim against the policy nor do you get a surrender value.

Once you stop paying the premiums of a term life insurance policy, or joint term policy, the policy will be cancelled and you will not be entitled to any refund.

Joint Term life insurance, as the name implies, is where two people are listed on the policy and payment is made if one of them dies or is unable to work. Traditionally the couple on the policy would be man and wife and the policy is created to cover a joint liability (eg a mortgage, income replacement, or other such large domestic cost).

Once claim payment has been made on a joint term life insurance policy the policy is terminated, premium payments are no longer required, and the surviving partner should sign up for a another single term policy if they have on-going commitments that the original joint policy did not cover. Some life insurance companies will provide a window of time where the surviving insured can apply without proving current health and avoid underwriting.

Can I cash in a joint term policy ?

Traditionally – no you cannot. It is used purely as death benefit coverage.

Can I transfer a joint policy to a single person’s term policy ?

Most insurance companies will allow you to convert a joint term policy into a single term policy, providing that both parties are willing to do so. This is mostly used in the case of divorce, or separation where both of the insured’s agree to separate the policy into two policies however beware that there are life insurance companies that do not allow this type of change.

If my partner and I have a mortgage must we use a joint term policy ?

Not at all. If you wish to take out a single term policy just for you (or two policies – one for each of you, you are free to do so). However you should consider some of the pit falls of a joint term life insurance policy.

All policy features are based on equivalent single age this is when the life insurance company calculates a combined age which is higher the then oldest insured. i.e. conversion and termination date.

If one insured is ill and would not qualify for a new policy the healthy insured may have to renew at the higher rate in order to maintain the coverage for the insured that is ill.

Solutions Financial is a Canadian owned and operated life insurance brokerage.

 

 

Hobbies that may make your Life Insurer Squeamish

Things like smoking or having a high risk job will affect your life insurance policy – namely the premiums will be higher in relation to the risk you take. Most people, however, do not think of their hobbies when they take out a policy (or their policies when they take up a hobby). However some activities that you perform as a hobby in your spare time will make your insurance company very nervous. An obvious example;  having “skydiving” as a weekend hobby will affect your policy – It will cost you a lot more than someone who doesn’t go skydiving as you have a greater risk of being killed while enjoying this hobby.

Failure to inform your life insurance company of a potentially dangerous hobby could result in the company not paying out in the event of a death while partaking in that hobby, or as an effect of that hobby.

So what hobbies do life insurance companies consider high risk ?

  • Skydiving (as mentioned),
  • Bike, Boat, or motor vehicle racing,
  • Bungee Jumping (as a continuous hobby – not just a one off),
  • Hang Gliding, hot air ballooning, or any form of flying,
  • Parachuting,
  • Rock, or other forms of climbing (buildings, bridges, etc etc),
  • Scuba diving, or any form of deep diving,
  • Surfing, both normal and wind surfing,
  • Skiing, or snowboarding racing.

There are other hobbies not listed above, so you are advised to consult your insurance company when applying for life insurance if you have a hobby that is considered unusual, or involves anything that may be fatal.

Most people tend to tend to forget these activities when applying for a life insurance (Failure to do so could invalidate your policy, resulting in no payment in the event of a serious accident causing death), particularly in the case of hazardous activities. If you were a regular parachutist when you took your policy out at the age of 25, but stopped doing the activity a few years later, you should contact your insurance company and have the details of your policy reviewed (with parachuting being removed) – You may find your premiums drop considerably.

If your insurance company are uncomfortable with your hobby (either at the start of the policy) you can usually find specialist insurers who offer coverage for your hobby. Check with other people who do the same hobby, or with the club you attend to find the name of a suitable insurer. Obviously the premiums for these policies will be higher than regular policies.

The bottom line is, if you do anything that may put your life in danger, either at home or at your job, you should consult your broker to make sure you have sufficient coverage from your life insurance policy.

Does my job affect my life Insurance ?

Life Insurance companies are in the business of making profits from the policies that they sell. This means that for each policy they issue they expect to receive more premiums, and the associated investment income from those premiums, than the amount they agree to pay out upon the event of your death. If they didn’t do this they would go out of business.

This means that they have to judge and assess your lifestyle with a view to evaluating how much risk there is of you dying an unnatural or early death. The greater risk of you dying an early death, then the higher the premium the insurance company is going to charge you.

This risk is based on a set of industry wide statistics used by most life insurance companies. These statistics cover everything from what impact living in an urban area has on your expected life span, to what job you do for a living. Some of the resultant premium increases may seem a little strange, one is the effect of your job.

If you are considered to have a high risk job then your life insurance premium is going to be higher, as the chance of you dying on the job is perceived to be higher. These jobs include, but are not limited to:

  • working on oil platforms,
  • working at heights,
  • being in military service,
  • being a fisherman or pilot.

Insurance industry data suggests that these professions are more likely to cause injury or death, than being, say an accountant. (Although technically speaking, more people die yearly of heart attacks in offices than people do on oil rigs).

So what can you do if you are considered to have a high risk job?

The obvious option is to move out of the industry and get a less riskier job, but that option doesn’t appeal to everyone and is sometimes unavailable. The other option is to shop around, although there are industry wide statistics and measures available for every job available, the amount of premium charged per job can vary greatly from one insurance company to the next.

Your other option is to look for a specialist. As there are a plethora of high risk industries about today, there are a plethora of life Insurance companies who specialize in catering for employees of these industries. These companies can offer preferential rates, that are lower than those available from your regular life insurance broker. Finding one of these can be as simple as asking at your workplace, or may involve you contacting an insurance agent and asking for their assistance to find you the most economical policy for your job.

To sum up, in today’s world of tighter safety control, better work environments and safer working practises; having a job in a place like an oil refinery shouldn’t make the chances of you dying at work any greater than that of an average person crossing a busy street. Unfortunately they do, in the eyes of Insurers. And these insurers are in charge of how much premium you have to pay, so when faced with the need to have your life insured against what appears the prohibitive cost of doing so, you are best advised to find an insurance broker and let them arrange your life insurance for you.

Should I invite an life insurance agent into my home, or use an internet life insurance broker?

Life insurance is a difficult subject, it is a decision we all have to make, and a thing we all should have. Whether it be a simple policy that will pay out when we die so that our families are not overly burdened by our passing, or an investment for our retirement. The industry is full of difficult language, clauses, contracts, exceptions and fees. It is a minefield waiting to catch the unwary, and one that some people dread to walk upon.

That’s why we have insurance broker, and life insurance agencies. They are there to make the minefield seems a little less perilous, safer to walk through. They are there to make sure that you connect with the policy that suits you best, not one that suits the pockets of the insurance company better. They act as intermediaries between you and the complex facts, forms and figures required by insurance companies before they will agree to cover you.

In the old days it was common to get yourself an insurance agent, and they would come around to your house, partake in a coffee and some biscuits while they laid out their plans and proposals on your dining table. The whole night would be spent going through the facts, and figures, dealing with difficulties and coming up with a plan that you could both afford, and would cover you sufficiently in the event of your death.

More than likely, your insurance agent was a local person. Someone you would see in the local supermarket, who happened to be in the business and only covered the immediate area of their residence, more of a friend or acquaintance than someone trying to sell you something.

Times moved on, and we moved into the internet age.

Today you can have a similar discussion with a life insurance broker on the internet. They will discuss the same things, offer the same facts and figures (probably more now as they have so much more to offer at their fingertips than your neighbourhood agent had in their briefcase) and propose similar services. The only difference is they are not sitting in your home.

Or is that the only difference?

Consider the old scenario again. You would phone up your agent, arrange a time for them to come round and then spend the evening going over things. It wasn’t exactly dynamic was it? You had to dedicate an evening to the process, the only facts you were presented with were the ones they brought with them, and you sort of felt under a little pressure to sign something before the evening was out in case you were guilty of wasting their time. (If you didn’t sign the contract you would have to avoid them if you saw them in the street in the ensuing weeks).

Today’s world doesn’t work like that anymore. In today’s world we expect someone who is providing us with a service to have the world of technology at their fingertips, to be able to offer us any answer to any question. We expect them to be there when we decide, not at a mutually acceptable time; be it 3:30 in the afternoon, or at 8pm when we get home from work. We have the ability to double check any fact or figure they may quote us, instantly using the same internet technologies that they are using. And, a big and, we have the choice to say yes, or to say no, to move on and find someone else to help us – no hard feelings.

In short, in today’s world, we want answers to be fast, efficient and accurate. Forget the social chit-chat, we are discussing business, and when we are finished we want to continue with our normal lives satisfied with a job well done – mission accomplished.

An online broker offers all of that. They are sitting in their office when you speak to them (it can be a chat session, Skype phone call, or just exchanges of emails) so they have all of the facts and figures of their whole company at their fingertips (no more – “let me check with head office” – they are in the office). They are at work, and have lives of their own, so it is not in their interest to try and spend hours talking to you. They will professionally convey the facts and figures, discuss your concerns and worries, make suggestions about policies and terms and let you make the decision. There is no pressure to sign the deal before they leave, they can pick up the conversation tomorrow or the next day.

If you need time to look at the policy, simple, they email it to you and you take your time to read it, no one looking over your shoulder. You can still question any part of it as you would to an agent sitting next to you, or you can end the conversation there and say you will contact them again when you have looked through the documents.

Of course an Internet broker does lack some of the personal touch that a visiting agent used to have. But ask yourself a question; when was the last time you asked the man from the electricity company to come round for dinner when you were deciding which energy plan to use in your house? You didn’t did you? It was a service you needed, you handled it like any other service you need in today’s world, online or via the phone.